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Aliquippa (Beaver Co), PA

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My parents lived in West Aliquippa when I was born. About 1949, we moved to the Sheffield Terrace area of Aliquippa.

You can read a little about the history of Aliquippa below. The town was named after an Amusement Park. As you can read below, the Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad established Amusement Parks along their line to attract passengers. One of those was Aliquippa Park. It was located along the railroad where a town sprung up. The town was named Aliquippa. Jones & Laughlin started construction of a large steel mill which they named the Aliquippa Works. Later on in 1928, the town merged with a much larger town nearby named Woodlawn. The name of the new town became Aliquippa to go along with J&L's Aliquippa Works name. The original Aliquippa became known as West Aliquippa.

Aliquippa celebrates 1908 as its founding and just a few years ago, in 2008, celebrated its Centennial.

Some links :

Aliquippa's Beginnings
by Denver Walton
http://www.bchistory.org/beavercounty/BeaverCountyCommunities/Aliquippa/AliquipBeginsMSP92.html
A Tale of Two Logstowns http://www.aliquippapa.gov/history.htm

History of Beaver County, Pennsylvania and Its Centennial Celebration

http://books.google.com/books
The Library of Congress  - American Memory http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html
(in the search field, type in Aliquippa)


I'm including these excerpts from the bchistory.org web site. That web site is not responding and I got these pages from Google's cache.
 
From http://www.bchistory.org/beavercounty/BeaverCountyCommunities/Aliquippa/Aliquippa.html

ALIQUIPPA
Courtesy of Beaver County Bicentennial Atlas

Aliquippa, the county's most populous borough, seemingly grew overnight from the merger of three small villages, each with a history of its own.

While a relatively new community compared to others in the county, Aliquippa's traditions go back to the very beginning of colonial habitation in Beaver County. In the years before the Revolution, two Indian traders, successively, chose the fertile fields across the river from the old Indian village of Logstown to make a home. Alexander McKee, the first resident, built a cabin around 1769, but evidently did not stay too long. In 1771, John Gibson surveyed 300 acres, built a cabin, and planted crops, becoming the first colonial farmer in the county, although the same land along the river had been farmed by the Indians for many years.

Logstown, the Delaware Indian village, was across the river in Baden, but somehow the name was transferred to the stream on the west side of the Ohio. In turn, the small village near the stream mouth became known as Logstown Bottom.

The Reverend Andrew McDonald lived here when he became pastor of White Oak Flats Church in 1810. White Oak Flats was a large level area in the hills west of Logstown, and the site of an early Presbyterian Church, which for a long time was known by the same name. (It was later called Mt. Carmel.)

The Flats were bisected by Brodhead's Road in 1778, when the supply trail from Pittsburgh to Fort McIntosh (Beaver) was cut through the wilderness. Later, a road from the fertile Raccoon Creek valley to the Ohio River intersected the military trail, and a village grew up at the crossroads. In time the village became known as New Sheffield.

In 1877, while the Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad was laying track through Logstown Bottom, a post office was established in the village. A new name, Woodlawn, was suggested by Mattie McDonald and adopted. The P. & L.E. built an amusement area north of Woodlawn, and named it Aliquippa Park. Soon an adjacent village had its own station, called Aliquippa. A shovel factory and other manufacturers located here and a town site was laid out, incorporated in 1894 as Aliquippa Borough.

In the next decade or so, Aliquippa developed into a fair sized industrial town, while Woodlawn village, a few miles to the south, languished as a rural community, although the Woodlawn Academy and a Presbyterian church had been established near the station.

Everything changed, however, in 1906, when construction began for the huge Aliquippa works of the Jones and Laughlin Steel Company. Old Logstown disappeared while a new business district was constructed in the valley and plans of houses sprung up on every surrounding hill.

In 1926, Woodlawn, already the largest community in Beaver County, annexed New Sheffield from Hopewell Township, along with the land in between. In 1928, a merger was effected by a referendum of the voters with Aliquippa Borough, and the new borough retained the name of the smaller partner to better identify with the name of the steel works. (There is no historical evidence connecting the Indian Queen Aliquippa with the location of the borough. This was one of several Indian names selected arbitrarily by the P. & L.E. Railroad in 1878 for stations along the route. Others were Shannopin, now South Heights, and Monaca.)

Aliquippa's leaders were perplexed by the problems created by the automobile and the mobility it gave to people. The younger generations have chosen to build homes in neighboring suburban townships. The Franklin Avenue business district declined as shoppers found it more convenient to drive to the outlying shopping centers than to cope with traffic and parking problems downtown.

The old borough of Aliquippa became known as West Aliquippa (the second time it was named by the railroad.) In the 1960's J. & L. filled in Crow's Island, on the river side of town, and constructed a huge new steel producing facility there. The old town seems destined to be completely swallowed up by the mill, as many houses and buildings have been demolished.

New Sheffield has become the center of the community as many churches and businesses have relocated there, and also contains the borough's only elementary school.

In the last 15 years. most of the J. & L. Steel works has been shut down or demolished in along the Ohio in Aliquippa. The commissioners of Beaver County plan to use a large portion of that site to relocate the county jail. The Franklin Avenue business district is basically non-existent today. Its main purpose now is a throughway for Aliquippa residents to route 51, leading to Ambridge, South Heights, or Monaca.

From http://bchistory.org/beavercounty/beavercountytopical/media/BCNewspapersMSum79/BCNewspapersMSum79.html

Return to Media Index

Return to Milestones Vol. 5, No. 3

A HISTORY OF NEWSPAPERS IN BEAVER COUNTY


by CHRISTY LYNN BLACKBURN

Milestones Vol 5, No. 3--Summer 1979

Throughout the history of, Beaver County there have been approximately 122 different newspapers, many of them short-lived, which have been published in the towns of Aliquippa, (formerly known as Woodlawn), Ambridge, Baden, Beaver, Beaver Falls, Fallston, Freedom, Hookstown, Midland, Monaca, New Brighton, New Galilee, and Rochester.

The earliest known publication was the Minerva of Beavertown, issued every Saturday by John Berry. It was a four-page sheet first published November 4, 1807, and sold at two dollars per year. The motto of the paper was: "This folio of four pages; happy work! What is it but a map of busy life, its fluctuations and its vast concerns." In the center of the headline was a crude representation of the goddess whose name it bears.

The first two pages were taken up with European news. The other two pages carried various items such as property notices, criminals wanted, and political attachments.

It is believed that the Minerva was continued in 1812 under the name of the Western Cabinet because both papers were the same in size, type, and general make-up.

The Western Cabinet was also printed in Beaver by Joseph W. White. Its motto was: "The basis of our political system is the right of the people to make and to alter the constitution of Government -- Washington."

No record exists of how long it was published, however, it was succeeded by the Crisis, which bore the same features as its predecessor.

Three papers were started in Beaver between May and June, 1813. They were the Crisis, the Beaver Gazette, and the Crisis and Beaver Gazette.

The Crisis was started on May 22, 1813, by J. and A. Logan. The last issue known was dated April 30, 1814.

The Beaver Gazette was begun by A. Logan on June 8, 1813 until March 15, 1817. Its motto was'. "Free but not Licentious."

The Crisis and Beaver Gazette, began June 10, 1813, was published also by A. Logan.

On September 1, 1818, James Logan, brother of A. Logan, began publication of the Western Argus. Over the years until 1878, the Western Argus went through five name changes and approximately 16 different owners.

The journalism of this time showed an increase of local or home-town news, greater emphasis on crime and sex news, and the appearance of human-interest stories. Politics still played an important role in these early-day newspapers.

One article published in 1845 on the front page of the Beaver Argus read, "New Remedy for Toothache."

It went on to state that India Rubber melted by candle on a piece of wire, should be placed while warm into the hollow tooth. This keeps air from the exposed nerve and kills the pain.

In 1874, a nine-column folio titled the Beaver Times was established as a Republican weekly by Michael Weyand. A daily edition, the Beaver Daily Times, was started in 1911. In October, 1902, a Mergenthaler Linotype was installed in the Times' office. This was the second in the county to be installed and it eased the tedious work of setting type by hand.

Meanwhile, a whole slew of Democratic papers came into existence, starting with the Beaver Republican in 1826. This paper was started by Andrew Logan and soon fell into the hands of his brother, James Logan, the same prominent gentleman who began publication of the Western Argus.

Other Democratic papers include the Democratic Watchman (1835), the Aurora (1836), the Beaver River Gazette (1834), and the Western Star (1843). Over the years the Western Star changed owners who in turn changed the name. Among some of the name changes were The Local (1865), the Conservative (1871), the Democrat (1874, the Beaver County Post (1876), the Commoner (1877), and the Star (1879).

In 1887, John A. Mellon, at that time editor and publisher of the Beaver Falls Globe, bought the Star and consolidated the two papers under the name of the Globe-Star which continued until 1891.

Other towns in Beaver County were also establishing papers during this time. New Brighton and Fallston had the Fallston and Brighton Gazette (1835-1838) and the Beaver Falls Union and Beaver County Advocate (1838-1839).

Other papers include the New Brighton Record (1854), the New Brighton Times (1857), the New Brighton Herald (1869), the Beaver County Press (1871), and the Beaver Valley News (1874).

The Beaver Valley News was established in 1874 by Major David Critchlow and Francis Smith Reader. In 1877, F. S. Reader, editor of the paper, bought out the Major's interest and by 1883, the Beaver Valley News became the first daily paper in Beaver County.

In January, 1901, the Beaver Valley News installed the first Mergenthaler Linotype in the county. The News was a Republican paper having both a daily and weekly edition printed in a six-column quarto.

Its editor, F. S. Reader, was at that time the longest in both active service and continuous work as editor in the county.

Rochester housed two publications in the 1800's. The first was the Commoner (1897), edited by R. W. Stiffey. The other Rochester paper was the Beaver Falls Chronicle (1839), edited by J. Washington White. The motto was: "Our country, right or wrong." The reading material of this four-page paper would be comparable to many of today's weeklies. In 1840 the paper was moved to Beaver Falls where its name was changed to the Beaver County Palladium. It was the first paper published in Beaver Falls and the editorship now belonged to E. Burke Fisher. The paper was discontinued in the fall of 1841, soon after John B. Early took over as editor after a financial matter concerning the paper.

There is no other record of a newspaper in Beaver Falls until 1875, when John T. Porter started the Beaver Falls Courier. Eventually, after several ownerships and name changes, it became the Beaver Falls Tribune with John H. Telford as editor. The paper continued publication until 1928, merging with the News to form the Beaver Falls News-Tribune. It was bought out by the Beaver County Times in 1979.

At the present time, the Beaver County Times is the immediate area's largest and most widely read newspaper. Its predecessor, the Beaver Daily Times, was published from 1911 to 1946, as mentioned earlier.

In 1946, the Daily Times was sold to S. W. Calkins of Uniontown. Calkins previously edited the Evening Times in Aliquippa (1943-1946).

The name of the paper was changed on October 16, 1946, to the Beaver Valley Times. Later in 1957, the name was again changed to the Beaver County Times.

In 1959, the Times expanded following the acquisition of the Ambridge Daily Citizen and the Ambridge News-Herald from the McNees family of Ambridge.

Technology has changed so much since the primitive Beaver Times of 1874. The old flatbed press is now a high-speed, full-color rotary press. Instead of setting type by hand it improved by being cast by machine from hot metal, which in turn has been replaced by computer-set cold type.

Today the news is quickly reported, both local and national, and it is illustrated with pictures. On April 2, 1978, the Beaver County Times expanded its daily edition to include a weekly Sunday edition to continue to serve its readers and advertisers.

Today the Times is Beaver County's only daily newspaper. Weekly and monthly publications include the News in Aliquippa, the Midland News in Midland, and the Western Advertiser in Beaver Falls, as well as the many publications sent out by the local businesses and industries.

The changes that journalism has gone through over the years would be quite obvious to anyone who could take the time to read some of the county's early newspapers. Early editions beginning with the Western Argus are available on microfilm for viewing at either the Penn State Beaver Campus Library in Monaca or the B. F. Jones Memorial Library in Aliquippa.

There is no limit to the wealth of historical information found in newspapers of  the past. We must continue to preserve the past so that we may aid in the knowledge of the future.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bausman, Rev. Joseph H. History of Beaver County, Pennsylvania. Vol. 1. Buffalo: Knickerbocker Press, 1904. pp. 450-473.
Rossell, Glenora E. Pennsylvania Newspapers, A Bibliography and Union List. Pennsylvania Library Associ6tion, 1969.
Mott, Frank Luther. American Journalism, A History: 1690-1960. New York: The MacMillan Company. 1962. pp. 215-326.
Beaver Falls Area Centennial, Historical Salute to the Centuries. . . 1868-1968. The Tribune Printing Company, 1968. p. 156.
Beaver County Times. First Sunday Paper A Birthday Edition. April 2, 1978. p. A-10.

From  http://www.bchistory.org/beavercounty/BeaverCountyTopical/Ethnichistoryandcustoms/EthnicAliquippaMSSpr78/EthnicAliquipMSSp78.html
ALIQUIPPA-The Ethnic Experience, 1920-1970
By Dr. Joseph Makarewicz
Milestones Vol. 4 No. 2--Spring 1978

Shortly after the beginning of the present century, the Jones and Laughlin Steel Company started construction of a huge steel-making plant along the Ohio River in Hopewell Township. Adjacent to the new plant were two communities, the tiny Borough of Aliquippa, site of a popular amusement park on the Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad, and the even smaller village of Woodlawn. In time, the communities were to grow and eventually merge to form the largest borough in Beaver County. But the history of the area in these intervening years was colored by a population factor missing from most of the early communities but common to steel and mining towns - the arrival of many immigrant workers from Southern and Eastern Europe, and of blacks from the impoverished southern states.

The "Aliquippa Works" of J & L bordered Aliquippa Borough (later called West Aliquippa) without changing it drastically, but the pastoral Woodlawn Village was transformed, in a few years, to a huge residential and business complex, housing and serving the needs of more than ten thousand steel workers and their families.

In the two decades following construction of the steel plant, Aliquippa and Woodlawn were rivals for the honors of being the leading steel community. As the towns developed, local officials believed that the lack of political unity hampered solutions to many community problems.- Finally, a plan for consolidation of the two boroughs was discussed. The proposal of a merger was presented to the citizens and approved. Thus, in January of 1928, the merger of Woodlawn and Aliquippa became a reality, the latter becoming the name of both.

Long before the merger of the two Boroughs, ethnic groups already had made their mark upon the area. Aliquippa had been referred to as the textbook example of the "melting pot" theory. This theory is a concept of assimilation through a process of modification of the characteristics of the immigrant to accord with prevalent American types, psychology, customs, and institutions usually by superimposing American manners plus American ideas upon those of the immigrant.

Revisionist historians have challenged this melting pot theory. One such historian, Bayard Rustin, put their position succinctly when he wrote, "there never was a melting pot; there is not now a melting pot; there never will be a melting pot-, and if there were, it would be such a tasteless soup that we would have to go back and start all over."

This revisionist view does not seem to be completely applicable to Aliquippa. The community's ethnic groups have been assimilated into the American cultural ideal, but not at the expense of their heritage. They haven't forgotten their culture and traditions. The people have held fast to their folkways and in many cases have adopted customs, foods, expressions and holidays of other groups. The Serbian and Croatian groups sponsor orchestra and dance groups composed of the adolescent members of their nationalities who perpetuate the use of traditional folk instruments, tunes and dances.

The Orthodox Churches still celebrate Christmas on January 7, complete with traditional foods and customs and music. One of the major ethnic events is the Observance by Italians in Aliquippa of the San Rocco Festival each year in August. While the San Rocco Festival is distinctly Italian in origin, it is celebrated and looked forward to by all residents of Aliquippa. The ethnicity of the area is further illustrated by the annual nationality fair days, first held during the Bicentennial year.

It is tempting to sugarcoat the story of ethnic groups in Aliquippa, but the process of assimilation has been marked by a certain degree of turmoil, hate, violence, and bigotry. There is a complex duality involved in the story of ethnic groups in Aliquippa. Steve Twomey in a recent article, "Education: The Task Was To Make Americans" probably stated it best:

"For the natives of English descent," Twomey writes, "the desire was almost overwhelming to mold the foreigners into the American character.... Yet many .... felt that such mass indoctrination violated the spirit of another great American ideal -- that no one should be forced to accept beliefs....

"Likewise, the immigrants were torn by conflicting forces. Many wanted desperately to become Americans. They knew what ideals America stood for, and had, in fact, come here to partake of those ideals.

"But for many other immigrants the links to the past, to the culture and traditions of the homeland, were equally strong. Often, in fact, these remembrances of another world were all they had to sustain them as they struggled in an alien environment."

Who are these ethnic groups? When did they come? Why did they come? How were they received and treated? Table I provides ethnic groups as they are listed in the United States Census. There are over 30 ethnic groups represented. Table 11 (not included with this web version) give the number and percentage of foreign born for the period from 1920 to 1970, and the number of Blacks in Aliquippa. Table III (not included with this web version) is an attempt to show percentage of groups in relation to the total population as well as percent plus or minus from 1920 to 1970.

The figures in Table I (not included with this web version) shows that the ethnic population and foreign born have long been a significant percentage of the total population of the town. 1930 marks the peak of ethnic population in terms of number of foreign born and those of foreign-born parents or of mixed parentage -- the latter having at least one foreign born parent. 1920, however, marks the peak in ethnic percentage of the total population

The ethnic character of Aliquippa, though generally high, has been steadily decreasing since 1920 as a percentage of the total population. A number of tentative explanations may be given - one is the adoption of restrictive immigration quota laws in the 1920's which discriminated against central, eastern and southern Europeans; another is the improvement of conditions in some European countries by the acquisition of political independence after World War 1; still another is the possible restriction on immigration imposed by some European countries which previously provided the bulk of immigrants to America.

The Negro population of Aliquippa on the other hand has increased steadily both in total number and percentage of the total population. It is particularly interesting to note that while the number of inhabitants in all groups declined between 1960 and 1970 the percentage of the black population in relation to the total population increased.

When did the ethnic and black population begin to come into the area? The published United States Census for 1900 and 1910 does not provide ethnic or racial information for communities of less than 2,500. Both Woodlawn and Aliquippa had a population of 620 in 1900 and 1,743 in 1910. Woodlawn in 1910 had a population of only 1,396.

That there was a significant number of ethnic people in the area by 1907 is attested to by a statement found in the House of Prayer Evangelical Lutheran Church in Aliquippa, Centennial Booklet in which is found the following comment:

"The Logstown Community was now changing (sic 1907). The Jones and Laughlin Steel Company had established their mill, and European immigrants were settling in the area. Most of the members of the House of Prayer had moved to Woodlawn."

Why did immigrants and blacks come to Aliquippa?

Obviously the choice of Aliquippa by Jones and Laughlin Steel Corporation as the site of the new steel works in 1905 had much to do with it. The decade beginning in 1900 saw the influx of over one million immigrants annually into the United States. These immigrants were generally unskilled peasants coming to America in the search for jobs. They found jobs in the heaviest and hardest work in the mills, handling steel billets, loading trains in cinder pits; labor that demanded strength in large measure.

The number of blacks seemed to remain small until after 1910. 1 base this assumption upon two things: first, the first black church, the Emmanual African M.E. Zion Church was not established until 1915. It wasn't at least until then that there were sufficient numbers to-, support a church; second, the outbreak of war in Europe in 1914 cut off immigration to the United States and northern industries turned to the southern black for a new supply of cheap unskilled labor.

What was the reception given to the immigrants and blacks?

David Chaimovitz in his study, "A Public Health Survey of Aliquippa" in 1946 described the housing situation and indicates that blacks were largely confined to Logstown and Plan 11 areas. The discrimination and its affects on the community are described when he wrote'.

"The segregationalism though seemingly inevitable is truly depressing and unfortunate for it fosters misunderstanding and ill-feeling among people who in lieu of the common call which brought them to this country and to Aliquippa should be sympathetic of one another."

The history of the Emmanuel African M.E. Zion Church makes an indirect reference to the existence of racism when it states:

"Burned once, and the congregation was forced to move several times. The Church has had its struggles."

This obviously is an understatement of the difficulties encountered by the blacks.

The immigrant was not received much better by native residents. The following entry appeared in the secretary's book of the House of Prayer Evangelical Lutheran Church of Aliquippa, dated July 18, 1909:

"On account of the foreigners making a picnic ground and gambling resort of the church property yard, and on account of the poor location of the church property, it being amongst the J & L foreigners houses, it was decided to sell the property."

The immigrant and the black both found living conditions which can best be described as dilapidated. Paper was torn off walls, plaster sagging, windows broken, the ceilings low and damp, rooms dark, stuffy and unsanitary, with few openings for either light or air.

The presence of the immigrants, brought an early change to the community during the 1920's: Aliquippa High School began to teach foreign languages other than Latin and French. Also many of the immigrants began to attend Americanization classes in night school at the Jones and Logstown Schools. These classes were established to provide information and assistance to those who wished to qualify for citizenship papers.

The immigrant in Aliquippa while becoming assimilated into American Society continued to cling to his past. The Romanian immigrants, for example, founded the Emenescu Parochial School in Woodlawn. This was one of sixteen such schools in Aliquippa before 1920. The school was established to keep alive among their children Romanian customs, language and culture.

Other groups did similar things. The Serbians first organized a church and school in 1912 and 1913 respectively. In 1914 St. Elijah Serbian Eastern Orthodox Church was founded. Greek and Romanian immigrants organized the Assumption Greek Orthodox Church. Adam Adamakis and other of Greek descent organized a Greek Orthodox Community which received a charter from the Beaver County Courts on January 13, 1919.

Many other ethnic groups and blacks formed similar organizations, many of which are still active today. For example: the Croatian Social Club, Circle of Serbian Sisters, Sons of Italy, Lebanon Society, Slovak American Social Club, N.A.A.C.P. and many others too numerous to mention.

Thrust into an alien culture, living through lean, early years under abominable conditions before improving his lot, the immigrant struggled and finally achieved a measure of success. He was able to combine with his new life the best of the new and the old world cultures demonstrated in the community observance of the San Rocco Festival and the nationality fair days.

Beaver County PA

Beaver County, western Pennsylvania, U.S., bordered to the west by Ohio and West Virginia. It consists of a hilly region on the Allegheny Plateau drained by the Ohio and Beaver rivers. Other waterways include Ambridge Reservoir, Brush Creek, and Raccoon Creek, which runs through Raccoon Creek State Park.

Beaver County was created in 1800. After founding utopian communities in nearby Butler county (1805) and in the state of Indiana (1814), George Rapp and his Pietist sect of Harmonists (Rappites) created an agricultural and manufacturing center called Economy (1825–1906). The thriving community dwindled in the late 19th century. The American Bridge Company bought the village in 1901 and later renamed it Ambridge (1906). Old Economy Village features several restored buildings from the early settlement.

Aliquippa PA

Aliquippa, Beaver county, western Pennsylvania, U.S. It lies along the Ohio River, just northwest of Pittsburgh. Settled about 1750 as a post for trade with Delaware, Iroquois, and Shawnee Indians, it was first known as Logstown and later renamed for "Queen" Aliquippa, probably an Iroquois. After the French and Indian War (1754-63), the Indian peoples lost their title to the land, and Logstown was deserted. White settlers came again in the 1770s, and saw milling and grist milling were early industries. During the winter of 1793-94, General Anthony ("Mad Anthony") Wayne trained his troops at a site across the river from the adjacent borough of Woodlawn before moving into western Ohio to defeat the British-supported Northwest Indian Confederation at the Battle of Fallen Timbers (August 20, 1794).

Aliquippa was incorporated as a borough in 1892. It grew rapidly after 1900 with the establishment of steel mills in the area, and much of the working force was engaged in steel production until the contraction of the steel industry in the late 1970s and early '80s. Although some structural steel is still being produced, most of the steel making operations have been torn down, leaving the city with restricted employment opportunities and an aging population. Aliquippa consolidated in 1928. Pop. (1990) 13,374; (1998 est.) 12,448.

Beaver County PA / Pennsylvania Article Courtesy Encyclopedia Britannica



INDIAN NAMES IN BEAVER COUNTY
By Denver L Walton
Milestones Vol 22. No 3--Autumn 1997

Our county has a rich Indian heritage. The Indians living in our valleys during the historic period were here only from about 1725 to 1758, but they left us a colorful legacy of place names. Here they are, with what is known of their origin.

ALIQUIPPA

Queen Aliquippa, queen of legend. Many residents of Aliquippa are convinced that their city was named for the Indian queen who once lived there, but the facts are different. The city of Aliquippa received its name from the Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad who built an amusement park in what is now West Aliquippa in the 1880's and, in accordance to their policy, gave it the name of an Indian personality (others along the line were Shannopin, Kiasutha, and Monaca.) Aliquippa was a Seneca woman of some importance who lived near the forks of the Ohio. She met with George Washington in 1753 at the site of McKeesport. History records her as living near the mouth of Chartiers Creek; in New Castle, Delaware; and at Aughwick. There is no evidence that she ever lived at or visited the future site of the city of Aliquippa.

BEAVER

Beaver County, Beaver Borough, Beaver Falls, Big Beaver, South Beaver Township, Beaver River, Little Beaver Creek; the list goes on. There is much controversy as to the source of the name of Beaver Borough. A state historical marker in town attributes it to King Beaver (Tamaqui or Amockwi), a chief of the Delaware Indian tribe. Others claim it was named for the beaver, for which the river and other towns were named. In the historical Indian period, a village called Shingas Town was located here. Shingas was one of two brothers of King Beaver.

Fort McIntosh was built here during the Revolutionary War by General Lachlan McIntosh, long after the Indian inhabitants had moved westward. The Beaver River was named "Amahkwi-sipu" (there are many spelling variations of all Indian names) which meant "beaver stream" to the Delawares and "Tankamahkwisipu" was Little Beaver Creek. South Beaver Township, now much reduced in size, was one of the six original townshipsof Beaver County in 1800.

BLACKHAWK

This is the name of a village on Lisbon Road (the "Tuscarawas Trail") on the border of Ohioville and South Beaver Township; a school district in northwestern Beaver County; and a road leading west from Chippewa Township through South Beaver (which does not go through Blackhawk village). The village came first and was probably named for its post office, established 1837. Blackhawk was a Sauk Indian Chief who led an insurrection ("Blackhawk's War") in Illinois in 1832. The newspapers of the time played up Blackhawk as a major adversary of president Andrew Jackson. The war didn't amount to much. And Blackhawk never set foot in Beaver County.

CHIPPEWA

Chippewa Township was the name chosen by its residents when South Beaver Township was divided in 1816. The Chippewa were a tribe principally located in the western Great Lakes region and were not known to have inhabited Western Pennsylvania in any significant numbers. One source gives the meaning of the name as "to roast until puckered up", referring to the puckered seam in their moccasins. Another claims that the name comes from the word "Chipwayonwok" which means "tailskins", referring to the nature of their dress. The Chippewa, like the Delawares and the Shawnees, were of the Algonquian lingistic stock.

CONNOQUENESSING

This beautiful Creek flows through northeastern Beaver County and enters the Beaver River just at the Beaver-Lawrence County line. Its name probably derives from the word "Gunachquenessink" which means "for a long way straight". Another source suggests that it comes from a chief named Conoquieson. Washington records crossing the Connoquenessing in 1753, at a place called "Murdering Town". In 1947, the Reader's Digest listed Connoquenessing as one of the ten most beautiful place names in America.

CROW

Little is known about the Indian chieftain known as Crow, who left his name on Crow's Run (New Sewickley to Conway), Crow's Run Road, of course, and Crow's Island in the Ohio River. There was a village known as Crow's Town (also called "Mingo Cabins") located in what is now Conway Yards. A significant Indian trail, taken by George Washington in 1753, followed Crow's Run northeast toward Venango.

LOGSTOWN

This name lives on as a section of northeastern Aliquippa, nearly erased by urban development and in Logstown Run, which flows under Franklin Avenue in Aliquippa. The original Logstown was across the river in what is now Harmony Township. Called "Chiningue" by the French (which means "beaver"), Logstown was one of the most important Indian towns in the state. Its name came from the log cabins in the village. The Iroquois claimed the land and were among the principal inhabitants of Logstown, along with the Delawares and Shawnees. An impressive number of historically important people lived at or near Logstown or visited here during its brief heyday. George Washington was here twice (1753 and 1770). Others included George Croghan, Christian Frederick Post, John Gibson, Alexander McKee, Conrad Weiser, and Captain Celeron de Bienville, who claimed the land for France.

The leading Indian resident was the "Half-King" Tanacharison, who, along with his subordinate and successor, Monacatootha, supervised affairs among the Delawares and Shawnees.

MONACA

The town in the bend of the Ohio bears part of the name of Monacatootha, an Oneida warrior chief also known as Scaroyady. Monacatootha (which means "Great Arrow") was a representative of the Iroquois Confederacy with the authority to supervise affairs among the Delawares and Shawnees in that area. He met with Washington in Logstown in 1753. He was a strong friend of the English and campaigned against the French. Monaca Borough (formerly Philipsburgh until 1892) took its name from a P. & L E. Railroad station at the east end of town.

OHIO

Ohioville Borough, Ohioview village (in Industry Borough). The Ohio River flows from east to west through Beaver County, reaching its northernmost point at Rochester. Ohio is a Seneca name and is shown on the earliest French maps, translated as "La Belle Riviere", or "the beautiful river". Another author suggests the "Bloody River", which it certainly was in the years of the Indian wars. The name may be related to "Ohiopyle", which means "waters whitened by froth". The Delawares called the river "Kit-hanne", which means " great river", or "main stream". This is the origin of Kittanning. The Indians and the French considered the Allegheny and the Ohio to be one river.

RACCOON

Raccoon Creek, which flows from Washington County through Southside Beaver County, received its name from the Algonquian word "aroughcoune". The Delawares called it "Nachenumhanne" or "Raccoon stream". Colonel Brodhead reported in 1779 to George Washington the capture of two boys by the Indians along this stream, one of many Indian raids in the Raccoon valley. Raccoon Township was, of course, named or the creek.

SEWICKLEY

North Sewickley Township, New Sewickley Township, Big Sewickley Creek. This name is derived from one of the divisions of the Shawnee tribe. The original name could have been "Asswikales" or "Thewegila" depending on the source. The Sewickley division was one of the principal clans from which the head chief of the Shawnees was selected (the other was the Chillicothe clan). There were many Sewickley towns in Western Pennsylvania. The name came to Beaver County as Sewickley Township, one of the original townships in the land obtained from Allegheny County in 1800.

SHENANGO

Shenango Road passes through Chippewa Township and Big Beaver. The name is said to be a corruption of the word "Ochenango" which means "large bull thistles". Shenango may be related to the word "Chiningue", which the French used to describe Logstown, and which means "beaver". Most significantly, Shenango is one of the two rivers which meet in Lawrence County to form the Beaver River (the other is the Mahoning River). An important Indian trail followed the Shenango River to Kuskuski, a major Delaware town near New Castle, then down the Beaver to Shingas' Town. In a slightly different form, Chenango is the name of a river in New York.

TAMAQUI

This Delaware chieftain (also known as Amockwi) leaves his name on a housing project in Vanport Township, Tamaqui Village. King Beaver (Tamaqui means Beaver) was a leader of the Turkey clan ("Unilachtigo clan") of the Delawares and a friend of the Pennsylvania settlers. Brother of head chief Shingas, he was considered chief of many Delawares in the region around the Ohio and Beaver rivers.

TUSCARAWAS

An ancient Indian trail, "the Great Trail" or "Tuscarawas Trail" led from the forks of the Ohio, across the Beaver River and along the ridge now followed by Tuscarawas Road (and Lisbon Road) in Brighton Township. Tuscarawas was the name of an important Delaware village on the Tuscarawas River in central Ohio. This village was the headquarters of King Beaver, after he left the mouth of the Beaver following the fall of Fort Duquesne in 1758. The Great Trail was followed by Colonel Bouquet in 1764 and by General McIntosh in 1778 on his way to establish Fort Laurens. The name does not appear to be related to Tuscarora, an Indian tribe akin to the Iroquois.



DiVecchio Residences in West Aliquippa

Look at this web page for photos of homes where my father, Pasquale, lived in West Aliquippa.


Other photos and postcards of West Aliquippa

Here are other photos and postcards that I have received over the years and some photos that I took recently of West Aliquippa. Remember that this was the original Aliquippa. It became known as West Aliquippa after the merger with Woodlawn in 1928.


Elementary School Building, (West) Aliquippa

Main Street, West Aliquippa
1941
My father, his brother and their parents lived in the row houses on the right side of the street.
They were in the unit with small vent above the double windows - 109½ Main Street

Library of Congress Photo Collection, 1840-2000 Record
Title:     West Aliquippa, Pennsylvania
State/Province:     Pennsylvania
Country:     United States of America
Year(s):     1941
Subject(s):     United States--Pennsylvania--Beaver County--Aliquippa.
Format:     Safety film negatives.
Medium:     1 negative : safety ; 3 1/4 x 3 1/4 inches or smaller.
Created/Published:     1941 Jan.
Collection:     Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Black-and-White Negatives
Notes:     Title and other information from caption card.
Transfer; United States. Office of War Information. Overseas Picture Division.
Film copy on SIS roll 9, frame 1554.

Aliquippa Park
1907

This is Aliquippa Park built by the Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad. The building on the left (which I believe was a dance hall) eventually became the main office building for Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation. It was moved about 3 miles and expanded to a two story building.

Beaver Ave, (West) Aliquippa

Beaver Ave, (West) Aliquippa
I got this email:
Subject:    West Aliquippa
Date:    Mon, 24 May 2010 14:58:03 -0400

Hi Mark,
I've emailed you in the past on the Cepull's from West Aliquippa.  If a picture of my grandfather (Christian Cepull)'s bicycle shop/service station ever turns up in your correspondence, I would deeply appreciate a forward.  I believe he lived at 519 Third Street in West.  The post cards and photos that you have posted came up in my search and I have enjoyed them, thank you and keep up the excellent work!

-Bill Cepull
wrcepullyahoo.com

Mark's note: if you have an account on ancestry.com, here is more about Christian Czepull :   http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/12108089/person/-333872828

I'm not so sure that this is (West) Aliquippa.
Look at the this email and at the postcards below from Patricia (O'Connor) Crnkovich.

Date:    Tue, 11 Oct 2011 12:59:15 -0400
Subject:    P&LE Station
From:    Laurence Walton <fierogt87gmail.com>

This is most certainly Monaca, 14th Street.
Larry Walton

Main Street, (West) Aliquippa

Main Street
2005
These are the two buildings on the left in the previous post card.
Hardware store and movie theater.

Bird's Eye View, (West) Aliquippa

Third Street, (West) Aliquippa

Silvestri's Grocery in West Aliquippa
This photo sent to me by Dave DiPietro.


Photo from the book Italians of Pittsburgh and Western Pennsylvania By Nicholas P. Ciotola. My research shows that Nick arrived in the US on the Victoria about 13 March 1900 - information from the 1900 manifest. The 1921 and 1923 naturalization documents say he arrived in 13-18 Mar 1899 on the America.

Book excerpt found on Google Books. In Oct of 2012 and Jan of 2014, I got emails from Carmen Mancini, Nick's son.

Carmen sent me another copy of the above photo and wrote "Attached is a photo of my Father, Nicola Mancini who immigrated from Sant'Eufemia in 1900.  He is standing in front of his grocery store which is 519 Beaver Ave.  Many paesanos entered his address when coming to this country. This photo was on display at the Heinz History Center and later was published in the book "Images of America, Italians of Pittsburgh and Western Pennsylvania".  It is also in a book by James J. Messina, "Grit, Smoke and Steam"." Carmen told me more about the family and I added it to my Family Tree data base.

He added: "My father with his first wife, Maddelana, had a grocery store at 519 Beaver Avenue and then they moved to 432 Beaver Avenue and that was the store on the corner.  So there were 2 store locations both on Beaver Avenue only a half block apart.

Maddelana passed away and then my father married Anna, who was my mother. My father, Nick, was almost 40 years older than my mother. I was 13 years old when my father passed away in 1958."

In Dec of 2013, Nick's great-grandniece, Krista Mancini Baker, was in SEaM and the priest at the church, Parrocchia S. Bartolomeo Apostolo, Mons. Giuseppe Liberatoscioli, researched more family information back to the early 1700's.

432 Beaver Ave
Photo taken Apr 2009


From:    "Steve or Patricia Crnkovich" <p.crnkovich409gmail.com>
Subject:    Date:    Mon, 30 Apr 2012 21:59:09 -0400

Dear Mark,

I must say---that you have done a fantastic job with you website, and as another genealogist, that I truly appreciate your efforts.  It has certainly brought back enjoyable memories to so many people who formerly lived in our quaint little town of West Aliquippa, PA.

Attached is a picture of the former Aliquippa now West Aliquippa, PA.

Hope this will answer the question about the 1st. Train Station/Depot in the first Aliquippa now West Aliquippa, PA.

Also for the Cepull family who wanted a picture of the family home.  Hopefully this helps!

Patricia (O'Connor) Crnkovich
Dear Mark,

As promised---

I am sending you a few more early pictures of Aliquippa/West Aliquippa, PA for your readers to enjoy.  I know I sent the third one earlier, but I thought you would like to see these three kept together, to show the progressive growth of the Village of Aliquippa, PA into a borough and eventually into a city.

With more to come,

Patricia (O'Connor) Crnkovich
On September 18, 1893 a petition was presented to the Beaver County Courts to have the Village of Aliquippa incorporated as a borough.  The first Aliquippa now West Aliquippa, PA was incorporated as a borough on January 22, 1894.


"Birds Eye Views" of the former Aliquippa, PA now West Aliquippa, PA
circa 1910

View 1.) Is pictured before the tunnel was built---they only have a bridge at this time.
Note: St. Joseph's R.C. Church & the 1st. convent for the nuns which will later be used for the
rectory for the priest.  The Russel Shovel Company 1891 brought work to many families in the
area.  Also see the Mutual Union Brewing Company that provided several jobs to people living
there as well.  On October 12, 1892 Aliquippa/West Aliquippa, PA had it first post office with
John Stubert being the new postmaster.

Submitted by:  Patricia (O'Connor) Crnkovich

"Birds Eye Views" of the former Aliquippa, PA now West Aliquippa, PA
--circa 1910

View 2.) Pictured---Must be on a Monday, because my grandmother Catherine O'Connor
at 345 Beaver Ave., has her laundry out on the clothes-line.
Owners that I know of for:  The towns hardware store
belonged to W. McIlheney's next Fred Walters then Milton Steinfeld & later Pete Sudak.
Town Hall/Fire Hall is in the background.  Vulcan Crucible Steel (1901) going full blast!
Note: Looks like our future swimming pool is a lumber yard at this time.

Submitted by:  Patricia (O'Connor) Crnkovich

"Birds Eye Views" of the former Aliquippa, PA now West Aliquippa, PA
circa 1910

View 3.) The P&LE Railroad Station/Depot---was on Third Street and in the background on the right side is the Columbia Hotel (built by John C. Weigal in 1893 later owned by Martin & Bridget C.(Conway) McNally (1908 to 1916). Later---Mr. Cancel? Anyone know?) and directly back on left side is the Town Hall/Fire Hall and (2nd floor) Library Bldg. Part of the second floor served as a Library in 1940’s. Left side of Main Street is the Central Hotel built by George Jeffreys about 1893.

Pictured is “Aliquippa”---No tunnel yet because we had a bridge at this time!

This postcard is posted 1910 well before the consolidation in 1928.

Therefore is shown as Aliquippa!  Later---The two new Stations/Depots were built to the right of this old station with an office and a bridge over the tracks.
Also note:  Chris & Jennie Cepull’s house is on the right of the station.
Everyone loved Chris’s shop and kids could be seen riding his bikes in the area.
We passed it every day going back and forth to St. Joseph’s school.
My sister Mary Lou (O’Connor) Keefe and I sometimes played with their two nieces who lived with them.

From:  Patricia (O’Connor) Crnkovich
(Mark's note: See email below from a McNally descendant - the family that owned and operated the Columbia Hotel.)





WWII Memorial in West Aliquippa, PA
Photo taken 2005.
  • Torino diNardo is from my father's hometown of Sant'Eufemia a Maiella. My father had a funeral card for Torino. In the 1940 census, Torino lived at 339½ Beaver Ave. My father lived at 337½ Beaver Ave. Torino was the son of Camilo and Assunta diPietrantonio diNardo. He is buried at Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial, Hamm, Luxembourg.
  • Anthony Mancini's father was from my father's hometown of Sant'Eufemia a Maiella although he was born in PA. His parents were Bartolomeo and Maria d'Alessandro Mancini and they lived at 608 McKee Ave. Family information received from grandniece, Marjorie Mancini Rath. He is buried at Brittany American Cemetery, St.James, Normandy, France.

My father certainly knew most if not all of these men. My uncle Tony mentioned Mike Galterio in a 19 Mar 1944 letter after he heard of Mike's death.

Other notes, dates of death and burial locations that I have been able to find (US burial information from Pennsylvania Veteran Burial Cards found on ancestry.com, foreign burials from http://www.findagrave.com):

Mike Galterio (Michael S. Galterio) 1 Jan 1944 is buried at Sicily-Rome American Cemetery and Memorial, Nettuno, Lazio, Italy. (Born 1920 in Pacentro, Italy, arrived in the US on 10 Jan 1931) Grave G 15 45.

Torino diNardo 27 Jan 1945 is buried at Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial, Hamm, Luxembourg.

Anthony Mancini 30 Jul 1944 is buried at Brittany American Cemetery, St.James, Normandy, France.

Anthony A. d'Eramo 4 Dec 1944 is buried at Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery and Memorial, Henri-Chapelle, Liege, Belgium.

William J. Palobinsky (Palubinski) 27 Dec 1944 is buried at Mt. Olivet Cemetery, Aliquippa, PA. Army records show the spelling of the name as Palubinski. (born 20 Mar 1924)  Sec H Lot 116 Plot 1,  reburied 11 Jan 1949.

Steve J. Malachina 9 Jul 1943 is buried at Mt. Olivet Cemetery, Aliquippa, PA. (born 26 Dec 1921)  Sec L Lot 124 Plot 2,  reburied about 22 Jun 1948.

Andrew A. Mazur 17 May 1945 is buried at St. Joseph Cemetery, Aliquippa (Center Township), PA. (born 17 Jul 1919) Sec 3 Row C, reburied 11 Dec 1948.

Ed Tykarsky 26 Nov 1944 is buried at Ardennes American Cemetery and Memorial, Neuville-en-Condroz, Liege, Belgium.

Thomas G. Carifo 17 Sep 1944 is buried at Ardennes American Cemetery and Memorial, Neuville-en-Condroz, Liege, Belgium.

George Ondeyka Jr. 22 Jan 1945 is buried at Woodlawn Cemetery, Aliquippa, PA. (born 29 May 1924). His older brother, John (1922-2011), also served.

George Popovich 20 Dec 1944 is buried at Florence American Cemetery and Memorial, Florence, Italy.

John Pinkosky 9 Jun 1944 is buried at Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial, Colleville-sur-Mer, Basse-Normandie Region, France. Other sources say that he is listed as unrecoverable.

Frank A. Amoroso 1 Feb 1944 is memorialized at North Africa American Cemetery and Memorial, Carthage, Tunis, Tunisia. He may be listed as MIA on 1 Feb 1944 in North Africa.

Joe Perza  2 Mar 1945 is buried at Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery and Memorial, Henri-Chapelle, Liege, Belgium.

Albert Marocco (Marrocco)  18 Apr 1945 is buried at Florence American Cemetery and Memorial  Florence, Provincia di Firenze, Toscana, Italy. Army records spell the name as Marrocco. Plot A Row 11 Grave 9.

No information found yet about:

C.C. Ciamacca  - I've found a Christy Ciamucca in the 1930 census from 222 Main St, Aliquippa. Son of Philip and Mary Ciamucca (6 children total). 5y 9m old. Family also found in 1920 census from Mckees Rocks, PA, Phillip and Mary with 3 children. 1914 Ellis Island manifest for Filippo and Maria shows hometown as Pacentro.

1953 article in the Beaver Valley Times about brother Donald Ciamacca still has the family on Main Street.

US School Yearbooks shows the Ciamocca's attending hight school in Beaver Falls.

1961 article about Salvatore (Solly) Ciamacca, Duss Ave, Ambridge. 1993 Public Records Index has him living at 1513 Idlewilde Ave, Baltimore, MD, 21228-5702.

A brother, Joseph, who died in 1969 is buried in Mt. Olivet Catholic Cemetery, Aliquippa.

2005 obituary of Phillip Chiamack mentions a deceased brother - Christopher Ciamacca.

John Leonard

With help from Gino Piroli, the family name is DeLeonardis. Based on Ellis Island records, the family was probably from either Pacentro or Spoltore. Possible family in 1930 and 1940 census from Aliquippa show a John born in 1917. Possibly married to Rose by 1940 with daughter, Rosaland, born about 1939.


(If you can add info about these men, please email me   markd@silogic.com .)

Some information from:
Ancestry.com - World War II Young American Patriots, 1941-1945


Click here to see some of the places that my father and his family lived in West Aliquippa.


1928 The merger of Aliquippa and Woodlawn


The Aliquippa-Woodlawn merger was not without controversy

Gino Piroli

Click Here

References 28 June 1958 issue of the Beaver Valley Times (page 18) "Merger of Two Towns Climaxed Bitter Rivalry".





Other photos of Aliquippa (the part that was the town of Woodlawn)

Here are some postcards and photos that I've collected of Woodlawn which became the main part of Aliquippa after the 1928 merger.


1938 Franklin Avenue looking toward the Wye
Photo by Arthur Rothstein of Aliquippa, Pa. July 1938.

Library of Congress Photo Collection, 1840-2000 Record
Title:     Main street. Aliquippa, Pennsylvania
State/Province:     Pennsylvania
Country:     United States of America
Year(s):     1938
Subject(s):     United States--Pennsylvania--Beaver County--Aliquippa.
Format:     Safety film negatives.
Medium:     1 negative : safety ; 3 1/4 x 4 1/4 inches or smaller.
Created/Published:     1938 July.
Collection:     Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Black-and-White Negatives
Notes:     Title and other information from caption card.
LOT 1337 (Location of corresponding print.)
Transfer; United States. Office of War Information. Overseas Picture Division.
Film copy on SIS roll 20, frame 1890.
From:    Terri Gallagher <T.L.Gallaghereagle.clarion.edu>
Subject:    Website. B.F. Jones
Date:    Wed, 6 Oct 2010 03:50:39 +0000

Greetings,

My name is Terri Gallagher and currently am finishing my Master's in Library Science at Clarion University. I am working on a research article about B.F. Jones Memorial Library. I ran across your Web site, which I loved, by the way, and saw the library postcard. Is there a date on the card?

Also do you know where it came from? If it is in your possession, would I be able to copy the card from your site for my article? I would credit your site. Please let me know what you think.

By the way, I am a Beaver County girl: Rochester native, East Rochester to be exact!

All the best, Terri Gallagher

From:            Terri Gallagher <T.L.Gallaghereagle.clarion.edu>
Subject:         RE: Website. B.F. Jones
Date:            Thu, 7 Oct 2010 21:32:00 +0000

Dear Mark,

Wow! Thank you so much! You made my day.

I will send you a copy of the article. I just hope it is interesting to you and worthy of reading. I've spent a lot of time looking through the archives at B.F. Jones _ amazing _ but have been really rushed to produce the article, which is geared toward librarianship.The article is a requirement of a scholarship I received through a Laura Bush and Institute of Museums and Library Science program.

The profs have given us four weeks to produce a polished draft, in addition to keeping up with the work of two grad classes. I am also the director of the Rochester Public Library and up until Jan. wrote for the Beaver County Times (I had to take leave of writing for the Times to keep up with everything). My background is journalism and I would love to write the BF Jones library story from that perspective instead of for a scholarly publication (read footnotes) but I do want tuition paid. lol. (We have three sons - two also in college now). 

Again, I was thrilled to run across your site. I too am an ancestry buff but have no time right now for sleuthing. Some day......

Well, I better get back to writing. A heartfelt thank you again. Beaver County people are the best. If you have any questions about the archives, please feel free to ask. Keep preserving history!!!!!

Terri

1941 People waiting for the bus
Near the Wye on Franklin Avenue

Franklin Ave
The white building on the left was a bank.

Franklin Avenue - late 1940's or early 1950's.
The tall building is the Pittsburgh Merchantile Company - the "PM" (it was a Jones & Laughlin Corp Company Store).
G.C. Murphy Five and Ten Cent Store.

Franklin Avenue
State Theater on the left, white one story building is the post office.
From:    "Wayne Mineard" <wmineardfrontier.com>
Subject:    State Theater
Date:    Tue, 31 May 2011 16:09:38 -0700

Hi,

I was looking over your site. Saw the postcard showing the State Theater. My grandfather, Harold Mineard, was the projectionist there for many years. I
got to see several movies free. :-)

Both my paternal and maternal grandparents lived in Plan 12..."The Bricks". I was looking for pictures of that area and found your site. I lived in Logstown for a year or so, but spent many summers with my grandparents. Enjoyed the other pics. Noted the 5 & 10 aka G.C. Murphy's. Couldn't count the number of times I went in there.

Anyway, thanks for the memories.
Wayne Mineard
Las Vegas, NV
(Formerly Chester, WV)

This is NOT the municipal swimming pool in Aliquippa that I remember. I don't know where they got this.

I stand corrected:
From:    "Paul Gentile" <pl.gcomcast.net>
Subject:    Your web site
Date:    Mon, 14 Jun 2010 13:46:50 -0400

Hi Mark,
My brother forwarded your web site on Aliquippa to me and I thoroughly enjoyed it. I was born and raised in Aliquippa, my family moved to the Terrace when I was 3 years old (1943). I taught at Aliquippa Jr. high from 1962 to 1967. Just wanted to let you know, there is a photo titled Aliquippa municipal pool and you state it is not. Actually, it is. That was the pool I attended growing up in the 50's. After college and married we moved to a duplex on 16th Street right at the plan 12/Hollywood bridge. By then, the old pool had been torn down and the current, much smaller one built. The two sides in the photo curved, one to the shallow end and one to the deep. In fact, there were two diving boards, one low and one high.

Nice job with the site.
Best wishes,
Paul Gentile 

Another interesting swimming pool - or is it the same one?
Its next to the J&L office building that was moved from Aliquippa Park.
Anyone know anything about this?
The card was postmarked in 1930 but the blacked out "Woodlawn, PA" means it must have been printed before Woodlawn and Aliquippa merged in 1928.

In response to my question, I received this:

From:    Patricia Crnkovich <greengrl409msn.com>
Subject:    Jones & Laughlin Swimming Pool
Date:    Mon, 19 Aug 2013 01:22:44 -0400

Hi Mark,
 
Not sure if you are aware that there is a new book out on Aliquippa, PA---"Images of Aliquippa, PA"
Written by Cindy & Ed Murphy of Aliquippa, PA.  She is a librarian at the Aliquippa Library.
New book is for sale at the Aliquippa Library.  If you haven't already bought one---I am sure that you will find it quite enjoyable! 
Also:  I believe all profits go to the Aliquippa Library, Aliquippa, PA  15001
 
The J&L Community Pool pictured on your site:

Inside the book on page 31 are two pictures:  One is of the area below the main office where the pool will be constructed in early 1900's. 
It is the area that J & L chose to build the first community swimming pool.  The second picture is a different black/white one of
children swimming in the pool and the date is July 4, 1921.  She states:  "The pool was enjoyed by hundreds of the town's residents." 
It served as the public pool until the late 1920's, when the mill found a need to expand and then the community constructed three new pools away from the mill.
Ref:  Thank you Cindy and Ed Murphy 
 
Aliquippa Swimming Pools:
1.) Plan 12 swimming pool---completion year---(1928)
2.) Plan 11 swimming pool---completion year---(1929)
3.) West Aliquippa swimming pool---completion year---(1942)
 
The Aliquippa Gazette---serving the Industrial Community of 50,000 reads on Wednesday, January 29, 1941:

West Aliquippa Swimming Pool Gets WPA OK.
WPA heads in Washington today approved a $62,000.00 swimming pool project for West Aliquippa.

The Federal Government footed $31,175.00 and Aliquippa Borough footed $31,015.00.  They doubted that work would begin before spring.  The pool was completed in 1942. 
Ref:  Thanks to my niece Judy Rowley for her research on the West Aliquippa pool. 
 
It is so Ironic, that our family was just reminiscing about the West Aliquippa pool and when it was built. 
Summer job:  Judy's mom, our older sister Kay O'Connor and our first cousin Mary Ellen Herzog were the first checker girls.  
For your convenience they checked your regular clothes, that were usually rolled up in a towel and then put into a wooden square slot, after you changed into your bathing suit.  Next, they would give you a number of the slot and you would have to remember it, in order to receive your clothes back.  And, as a last resort---If you forgot your number---they would let you in the door to look for them.
 
Hope this answers your question about the J & L community swimming pool,
 
Patricia (O'Connor) Crnkovich 

P&LE Station

In Feb of 2012 I received an email from George Englezos. George lives in Greece and he asked me about the Capiris family. I helped him with some searching on ancestry.com and he sent me this photo of Satiris (Sam) Capiris. The photo was taken in front of the P&LE Railroad Station in Aliquippa. Satiris had a brother, Athanasios (who might have gone by Tom) but I'm not certain if he is in this photo.  Full size scan clearly shows "S. Kapiris Taxi Cab" on the door. Undated but probably 1920's.

Pittsburgh Mercantile Store under construction.
Railroad tracks going right up Franklin Ave.
(postcard sent to me by John Fibbi, Feb 2012)

The locals called this the "PM"

Pittsburgh Mercantile Store
Postmarked 21 May 1920

The post office must have been on the left.
On the right is the municpal building which contained the fire department behind the three large doors.
Notice on this postcard that Woodlawn, PA was overstamped with Aliquippa, PA. Woodlawn became Aliquipppa in 1928.

The post offfice may have moved to is present location by the time this photo was taken.
The fire department and city offices moved in the 1970's.
The municipal building is gone. This photo must date from before Woodlawn became Aliquippa in 1928.

The current post office on Franklin Avenue

St. Titus Roman Catholic Church
Built in the 1950's on Franklin Avenue.

Franklin Avenue at the Wye
The tower in the rear was part of the Municipal Water Authority plant. This section of Aliquippa was bisected with a four lane highway overpass in the 1960's. The buildings on the left is where the overpass went through so the buildings are gone. The building straight ahead and the watertower are still there.

Woodlawn and Southern Trolley

Aliquippa Hospital
Built in the 1950's or 1960's. In 2009 it closed its doors for the last time and has since been torn down.
This hospital was not there when I and my sisters were born so we entered the world at Providence Hospital in Beaver Falls, PA.

Ambridge-Aliquippa Bridge Across the Ohio River

My alma mater - also gone - torn down in 2009-10.

When I went to school here, the addition on the left of the main building was called the "new wing". It was built in 1932.



Not everything you read is true.
(As you read above, Aliquippa is named after an Amusement Park. Queen Aliquippa never lived around here.)

Here is a series of postcards sent to me by Patricia Crnkovich <greengrl409msn.com>. Patricia wrote (in Jul of 2012) (her comments in RED):
 
Dear Mark,
 
I found the picture you received from a Mr. John Fibbi (Feb.2012) to be most interesting and educational as well.
 
As the construction progresses:   Attached are four postcards to complete the picture of up-town Franklin Avenue, Woodlawn/Aliquippa, PA.
 
Postcards are made to be shared---I believe that postcards were made to be used as a greeting card, to send messages to friends and family, business advertisement, people's collections, pure enjoyment and thankfully they also recorded history along the way.

I must say, that we surely miss Bill O'Neal or O'Niell (now deceased) of Aliquippa, PA, recording our local history with his camera.  I think he was some sort of cameraman on planes recording World War II and later on made a small business selling his beautiful postcards.  I believe you have some on your site of J&L/LTV while the mill was still in business.  They are the ones with the red borders and were sold in our local stores.  Earlier, his job was, "Recorder of Deeds" at the Beaver County Court House.  I visited there with our Genealogy Society of Beaver County and also for personal family research.  He was always patient, kind and very helpful, when you visited his department.  I sure he is well remembered by all who knew him.

Also, many thanks to "you" for recording our local (Aliquippa, PA) history on your site!  It is not only benificial to us, but especially to our children and grandchildren, who haven't any idea of what our towns of Aliquippa and West Aliquippa, were like in their "hey-day".

 
Patricia (O'Connor) Crnkovich



Woodlawn, PA in its early years


Franklin Avenue, Woodlawn, PA---Circa 1910-1912
This gives you an idea of the continuance of the former growth and development of Franklin Avenue in Woodlawn, PA.
Note right side:  Empty lots where more stores and a new post office (meaning our current one) was built at a later date.
Submitted by:  Patricia (O’Connor) Crnkovich

Main Street, Woodlawn, PA---is dated 1912----
“Main Street” is Franklin Avenue, Woodlawn, PA---now Aliquippa, PA after the consolidation in 1928.  F. J. Hanna Drug is on the left side of the Pittsburgh Mercantile Department Store. Submitted by:  Patricia (O’Connor) Crnkovich

circa 1915-1920:---The completion of the left side of Franklin Ave,
(business district) Woodland, PA---now Aliquippa, PA  15001
Submitted by:  Patricia (O’Connor) Crnkovich

circa 1940
Just to name a few:
Left side----Moose Club, State Theater, Villa’s-(later), Autenrieth’s 5  10, Young’s Drug,  Hoffman’s Drug, Stamen’s Women’s Wear, Morris Men’s Wear, Joan Shop, G.C. Murphy’s 5 & 10, Thrift Drug & Pittsburgh Mercantile Dept. Store, Plodinec’s Furniture, Mellon Bank and  much more.
Note:  The Strand Theater was also on the left side of the street-one block up from the Wye.
Right side---U. S. “Aliquippa”, Post Office, The Aliquippa National Bank is later The Union Bldg. 1211, Jacobson’s Vater’s then Sol’s Hardware Store, Temple Theater, Olikers Men’s Wear, Sullivan Children’s Store, Michael’s Furniture and so much more.
Submitted by:  Patricia (O’Connor) Crnkovich




In 2010, Anthony Rubino sent me a couple links to photos that he took of Aliquippa in 2009:

http://www.facebook.com/album.php?aid=82896&id=725157072&l=c8f60acf75
http://www.facebook.com/album.php?aid=82891&id=725157072&l=d4842e39b8


President Kennedy in Aliquippa

In 1962, President Kennedy spoke at a Democrat rally in a parking lot in downtown Aliquippa. Full text at The American Presidency Project.

http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=8949

Is this Aliquippa?

This photo was sent to me by Denise Cobia. She asked if it was Aliquippa. I could not definitely say.

Denise wrote:

From:   DJCobiaaol.com
Date:   Thu, 4 Jun 2009 02:46:34 EDT
Subject:    Alliquippa History

Hi there,

I want to tell you your site on Aliquippa is great.  I guess you are  wondering why I am writing you.  My father's family was from  Aliquippa.  He and his brothers were born in New Castle PA and moved to Woodlawn - Aliquippa when my father was 2 or 3 years old.  My grandfather  and his boys all worked for the J&L at one time or another.  My  grandfather also owned a gas station  and was the Tax Assessor. My  grandmother sang opera on the radio there as well.   I have a newspaper article that I just found in my parents things all about my  grandfather.  I was wondering if you would like to have a copy of it for your records. I can't give up the original but I am willing to send you a  copy of the newspaper.

Denise Cobia
Denise,

Thanks for your email.

My Aliquippa web site is just a small page that only has very limited info about Aliquippa. You might look around for an 'official' Aliquippa web page - if such a thing exists. Your stories would make a good addition to that kind of web site.

Otherwise, you might make copies and send them to BF Jones Memorial Library. I'm sure that they have an Aliquippa oral history section.

In any case, can you scan the article and email it to me? Never know when I might make some connection to your family.

Mark
Hi

I kept your email and I hope you don't mind. I have this old family picture of what I am guessing is a street in Aliquippa. I was wondering if you could identify it.
Thank you

Denise
Mark,

If you want to put this on your website to see if anyone can identify it that would be great. I had sent a copy of this to my cousin who knows my family history and he couldn't identify it either. Unfortunately anyone who would know has passed on. I have undertaken a big project of trying to identify family members and then make family dvd's for all of them. I am hoping to include notes etc about who is in the pictures at least for posterity. This one was included in my dad's family pictures that is why I thought it was Woodlawn/Alliquippa. I tried to magnify the pic in my photo editor to see if I could make out a name of a store but had to make it so big it distorted the pic. So lets see what happens.

Thanks Denise



These photos were sent to me by Bill Gaughan in Nov of 2010 (ufobillverizon.net).

Bill wrote: "The Sliquippa school play pics are my dad James Gaughan Jr. And his sister June Gaughan Santilli."

1958 Aliquippa 50th Anniversary
Bill wrote: "Joe Petrella driving the wagon, my dad with the coon skin cap beside him. James Gaughan. from Plan 12."

1958 Aliquippa 50th Anniversary
Bill wrote: "That was Joe Petrella's son. I missed out of the pics I got farther down the avenue.
I don't know if I am spelling Joe's name right. My uncle by marriage is Frank Santilli. They were from West. He had a
house on Irwin St. My other uncle Cliff Davies was just up the street from him."
Sent to me by Bill Gaughan, May 2012 : 1111 Irwin St Plan 12 -  My mother Ida Gaughan in front of Cliff Davis house.


These photos were sent to me in Nov of 2011 by Jeanne Miller <jennwayverizon.net>

I just wanted to say hello and attach a few pictures. My grandfather was Dr. John L Miller of West Aliquippa and my dad was State Senator John Carl Miller ("Tudy"). My grandfather and dad loved West Aliquippa so very much and I have great memories of growing up there. As a child I would walk with my grandfather to the Mellon Bank and it would take us forever to get there because people would stop and talk to him all along the way. He must have delivered every baby in town for 50 years. He and my grandmother Florence moved there in 1918 when there was a swine fleu epidemic. They had his office and an apartment on the second floor right near the old tunnel. Later they had a big white house on River Ave. We lived at 110 5th Street across the street from the elem. school and playground.   We moved to Florida in 1968 but my dad wanted to go back home and died in West Aliquippa in 1992. I am attaching a few photos. I hope you will post them. To anyone who remembers them I want you to know how very much my grandfather and my dad truly loved West Aliquippa.

Sincerly, Jeanne  Miller


John C. Miller


Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad


From: "John J. Nadzam " < jjrail comcast.net>

Received this shot from a railroad friend.

I remember seeing this awhile a back.  Used in ore traffic from J&L Adams mine on ONTA via CN-NYC-P&LE to Aliquippa.

I recall during the mid-60s the Canadian National Railway (which was shown on one side of the car as Canadien National Railway) marked hopper cars for various products.  Saw many of them at Valley Street Tower in Youngstown.  I think they were marked at various levels for ore, sand, and for gravel.


Fibbi and Varosky

John Fibbi, who sent me several postcards that I've added to my web pages, sent me this in Jul of 1012:


2012 Mike Varosky and John Fibbi
John posted this to his Facebook page:

Childhood friends growing up on Van Buren Street in Aliquippa Pa reunite after 42 years.  Once separated by Grand Avenue then later by the expanse of the county, John Fibbi and Mike Varosky met at Mike's business MikeCo in Camarillo, CA, where he buys and sells Antique, Kustom, & Obsolete Auto Parts.  Connecting via email through the website www.silogic.com<http://www.silogic.com> maintained by another former Van Buren Street resident Mark Di Vecchio, John arranged to meet with Mike during a business trip to CA this week.  John moved with his family to Monongahela PA, days before the start of 9th grade in 1969, Mike moved with his family to Tempe AZ, at the beginning of the second semester of his junior year of high school 1971-72.  We had a great evening, the conversation made the 42 years feel like only 42 days.


McNally and the Columbia Hotel ??


From:    "JoAnn Drake" <joadracomcast.net>
Subject:    West Aliquippa History
Date:    Tue, 4 Sep 2012 15:13:35 -0400

Mark,

I just finished viewing your website.  I really enjoyed it.  The pictures are fantastic.

I am looking for information on the Columbia Hotel. It was located in the "original Aliquippa", which is now called West Aliquippa.  I know that it was in existence in 1916.  It was owned by my Grandmother's parents.  I think their last name was McNally, but I'm not positive about that.  I would like to find out their first names and if their last name was McNally.  Also any other information that can be found about them and the hotel. Please let me know if you have any information and/or pictures.

Keep your website going.  It's great. one of the best I've seen.

Thanks,

JoAnn
I found a 1910 census sheet that shows Martin and Bridget McNally as proprietors of a Hotel on Main Ave. Then I found this at:
http://genforum.genealogy.com/mcnally/messages/661.html

“Genealogical and Personal History of Beaver County Pennsylvania”
Under the editorial supervision of: JOHN W. JORDAN, LL. D.
Vol. II
New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1914.

Pg. 604
McNALLY - The McNALLYS have come to America at various times, and the greater number of them have been identified with industrial callings. Some, however, are also to be found in professional and diplomatic lines.

(I) PHILIP McNALLY was born in Ireland, and emigrated to the U. S. in 1896. He settled at Braddock, Allegheny Co., Pa., where his death occurred the following year, and he is buried in Calvary Cemetery, Pittsburgh. He married, in Ireland, ANN HANEY, also a native of that country, who died in 1891. They had children: MARTIN, HUBERT, MARY (deceased), BRIDGET (deceased), MICHAEL, PATRICK (deceased), ANN, JOHN (deceased).

(II) MARTIN McNALLY, son of PHILIP and ANN (HANEY) McNALLY, was born in county Galway, Ireland, Nov. 8, 1856. He emigrated to America in 1881, arriving here in the month of May, and went to Albany, New York, where he was employed until 1885. He held a position on the steamboat “St. John,” of the People’s Line, and while in the company’s employ had the misfortune to lose one of his legs. For the next three years he was engaged in the fruit business, then moved to Braddock, Allegheny Co., Pa., where he opened a hotel, of which he was the proprietor and manager until he took a trip to Ireland in 1902. He remained in his native land for the period of one year, then returned to Pa., and lived in the city of Pittsburgh until 1908. Aliquippa, Beaver Co., Pa. was the next scene of his activities, and there he purchased the Columbia Hotel, and has been the proprietor since that time...MR. McNALLY was of the organizers of the Aliquippa National Bank, and is one of its directors. He is a charter member of “The Owls,” which was organized in 1913, and is a member of the republican party. He married, in 1887, BRIDGET C. CONWAY, born in Ireland. They have no children.


Grit, Smoke and Steam, Part I: The Journey of a Boy They Called Jinks


Date:    Tue, 15 Mar 2011 17:35:57 -0400
Subject:    West Aliquippa
From:    Charles Messina <chuckmessinagmail.com>

Hi Mark,

I found your website online, and thought I'd contact you to see if you can help me out. My father grew up in West, and passed away in 2008. He wrote his life story, and I'm in the process of getting the book published. I have been searching for photographs of West Aliquippa between 1920 and 1960. There is an aerial image you posted that I like.  I'm trying to find some that show the train/tracks and homes in the foreground and the mill/smokestacks in the background. There are a few that have been posted on the site, but I can't seem to contact anyone to find out where to find these images. Any advice or direction you can give me would be greatly appreciated.

Thanks,
Chuck
Mark,

Hey, thanks for the pix. I will let you know when the book is completed.

Chuck

Published!!


Author: James J. Messina
Editor and Co-Author: Charles D. Messina

On March 20, 2008, James J. Messina passed away. As a deep and personal gift to his two sons, he wrote (in longhand) and illustrated his life story. Mr. Messina began the project in 1985 and completed it 8 years later. His youngest son, Chuck, was so impressed with his father’s talent, he contacted a journalist at the Beaver County Times who was known for his interest in local history. After interviewing Mr. Messina, a two-page article describing the book was published in the local section of the newspaper. The journalist praised his work as a tremendous accomplishment, as well as an important piece of history, and urged his son to share it with the world. Chuck had wanted to pursue publishing the manuscript for a long time, but his father wouldn’t hear of it, claiming it was merely a gift to his children to remember him by. After hearing the journalist’s encouragement, this was all Chuck needed to propel him into action.

It took Chuck almost nine years to accomplish this dream becoming a reality. With the dawn of the digital age, and the economy in a downturn the whole time, it was nearly impossible to find anyone interested in this type of manuscript. The first task was the most difficult, transcribing the entire manuscript word-for-word. That in itself was a monumental job. After numerous publishers showing interest, but then retracting their offers, editing and re-editing, months of sorting through piles of transcribed and written versions of the story, arranging and organizing illustrations, researching multitudes of websites and books, submitting and re-submitting files, it’s finally come to fruition.

This book is based on material from five hand-written volumes of stories and drawings that his father compiled over the years using large bound artist sketch books. Most of the original illustrations were in color, one hundred sixty-four in all, with captions describing each and every one. These drawings are of activities from days-gone-by, and specific to the little town, West Aliquippa, Pennsylvania, where he grew up. The story is rather typical of most of his generation: children of immigrant parents, impacted by the Great Depression, finding financial stability with work in the steel mill; service in World War II; a new life after discharge with marriage, buying a home and car, and having children. Then, he was stricken with an unexpected disability that forced him to retire, and after agonizing months of pain and discomfort, he found peace in writing and drawing, which lead to this incredible manuscript.

This story will bring back a lot of memories to many in the southwestern Pennsylvania region because it reflects the lives of many from that era. It is not a captivating mystery leading to a riveting climax. Instead, it’s a collection of vignettes, accompanied by beautiful illustrations, with some entertaining and great moments, during a time gone by, that has been captured by a very special and gifted storyteller. His story, and the manner in which it’s told, is a testament to what a truly amazing man James J. Messina was.

Part II: The Call of a Lone Wolf will be available in the near future.

2012, 8.5x11, Softbound, 267 pages

ISBN 9781558565548
Chuck,

I can't say enough about your father and his book. He had a fantastic memory and the illustrations make the stories come alive.

I have some information about the people that your father mentioned from West Aliquippa. I'll email you the bits and pieces as I come across them.

Mark
Thanks Mark,

I'm very proud of this book. If you read my thoughts throughout the book you'd know how felt about him, and his vivid memory.

I'm working on book 2, where he enlists in the Marines now. I think it might even be as good or better than the first book because his story is more cohesive, and exciting.

The book is definitely going on sale at the Beaver Valley Mall, Books-a-Million store, so please pass the word around.

Thanks again,
Chuck




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